20 Methods of Traditional Fishing
- Managap means “to catch with a net”. The eight methods of catching fish with a net as listed below vary in kind of net used and the fish intended to be caught.
- Manyuyuyunu or manmumunamun go out to the deep sea in a boat. And by means of a very fine net called masen they shove from the water the diminutive fish known as yuyunu or munamun.
- Mañikdi uses a net called pañikdi in a shallow water type.
- Mantatakak, also uses masen in the shallow waters to catch tatak, another kind of very small fish
Listed below are also shallow water type of fishing:
- Managap nu maybulsa
- Manakdit is fishing with the net called sakdit. It is one-man method, the fisherman moves from place to place on the coastal shelf (kalawangan) at low tide in search of fish which happen to hide under stones or in holes in the rocks. He sets the sakdit around the stoned or rocks, then drives the fish out and into his net. To ferret out the fish inside the holes in the holes in the rocks, he uses the sachad or wooden handle of the net.
- Mangna means angling. It is done over the deep pools of the kalawangan or the edge of the tidal shelf (peptan) during low tide. And at high tide, angling can be done along the shore where the chidat come to feed.
- Manauy is fishing with the flying net called nanauy.
- Mamuket is trapping fish and other edible marine creatures such as lobsters and crabs by means of a loosely standing small net heavily weighted at the bottom edge. Spiny marine animals are especially easy to trap in this method.
- Maychasunben literally means diving in the deep water whether the deep water be in the atan or in the mandichud. His fishing equipment are goggles and arrow gun. There being no oxygen tanks, the maychasunben come up frequently for air, and they normally cannot dive very deeply.
The maychasunben can fish both day and night now because of the introduction of the underwater flashlight which the fishermen call “rublight”. They call fishing underwater at night as “mayrablayt,” and also sometimes called maychasunben an mahep.
- Mapa uses iyapa hooks that are meant for large fish. The fisherman baits his hook, lays his fishing line over the width of the coastal shelf so that his baited hook reaches the edge of the deep, and ties the other end of the line to a strong peg or tree on the beach. He stays on land and waits till there is a catch, and then he pulls it ashore. This method is done either day or night at high tide.
- Manayrin is for a deep see hook-and-line fishing but no rod is used. The fisherman goes out in the deep sea on a boat and aim to catch small deep sea fish generally called saysayriñan.
- Mayvavang is a form of manayrin with the difference that mayvavang is at night.
- Mataw takes place only in the summer months from March to May. The object of this type of fishing is the non-mammalian dolphin called arayu (dorado among Tagalogs), a migratory fish. The season is called paypatawen. The mataw go out into the deep sea on their tataya. This method is in two steps which are (a) the catching of the flying fish for bait, and (b) the catching of the arayu The arayu does not eat dead bait, so the flying fish for bait has to be caught alive and kept alive even when already fastened to the hook.
The paypatawen period is anticipated with eagerness by the fisher men. As the season approaches, the fishermen watch the sea daily for signs of the arrival of arayu. And by mid-March, riuals for the opening of the paypatawen are performed.
- Sumuhu is a deep sea night fishing on board a boat. Its main objective is to catch dibang. The sumuhu (as the fishermen who fish in this manner are called) board their tataya equipped with gas lamp and the susuhu, and sometimes with a salapang. As the light attracts the fish to the surface of the water, the fishermen scoop up the fish into the boat with their susuhu. This method is seasonal due to the seasonality of dibang, and it starts in January and may last till May.
- Maynununuy is similar to the method of the mataw and the mayvavang; but it differs in that the boat is always moving and drags the baited hooks and lines aimed at catching fish which prey on moving baits close to the surface.
- Manguyta is to catch kuyta (octopus). Octopuses burry themselves deep in the sand or in small deep holes in submarine rocks. The manguyta (octopus catcher) removes the pebbles piled by the octopus at the mouth of his hiding place. Then he plunges his hand-held hook called sajit into the hole; and pulls it out when he feels that the octopus is safely caught in the hook.
There is however, an octopus called patan that sprawls out to feed at night on the shallow waters at low tide. It is caught by locating them with the help of a torch of lighted bundle of sticks or gas lamp, and grabbed by hand. Fishermen who go out purposely for the patan are called machipatan.
- Mamnet is the use of a large net to catch fish retreating into the deep sea from the coastal shelf as low tide approaches. As the water starts flowing back into the deep sea, fishermen place nets in the marine trenches which provides exit for the retreating water. These places are called yavanwaan if they are large, and ayuy if small. Here, the fish who follow the retreating water are swept into the waiting nets. To assure big number of catch, the fishermen drive the fish from the distance leading them toward the location of the nets.
- Mapasupu is similar to the mamnet method, but is it is procedurally the reverse. The equipment and location of the nets are about the same; but while mamnet is before low tide, mapaspu is after low tide, at the beginning of high tide when the tidal water returns pouring back from the deep sea into the shallow coastal shelves. Fish from the deep follow the returning water passing though the coral trenches, and the mapaspu fishermen drive the fish into the nets in the trenches.
- Manraw is catching fish with poison. Extracts from a shrub called tuva and the fruit of a kind of eggplant called kamalutajit are poured into the hiding places of fish which suffocate and come out and are then caught by net.
- Manduk means catching with a trap (asduk). This method refers to two different ways of catching fish: one is the use of a basket-like trap; the other is catching the arawa (parrot fish) with a sahakeb by frightening the fish in its sleeping hole so that it rushes out into the waiting net.
- Manivuy is locating spots on the sand in the shallow waters for signs of fish which bury themselves in the sand. A small net is cast around the chose spot, and then the sand is stirred with the feet to scare the fish into the net.
- Manuhu is night fishing with the help of a torch which may be a lighted bundle of dried vayu (reeds) or gas lamps. Fishermen roam the shallow coastal waters during nocturnal low tide to gather a variety of edible marine creatures such as crabs and octopuses which crawl out to feed at low tide; and if there is a fish in the shallow water, they catch them with small nets.
- Mamaltug is fishing with explosives such as dynamite it stuns and kills fishes and other marine life indiscriminately, and is illegal.
Source: Hornedo, FH. Taming the Wind, UST Publishing House. 2000. Pp. 97-104